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Chandrayaan-3:launches successfully


India has initiated its third lunar mission with the goal of achieving. It is the first landing in the uncharted southern region of the Moon.

History of Chandrayaan-3

Chandrayaan-3:launches successfully. On November 12, 2007, ISRO signed an agreement to collaborate on Chandrayaan-2. In this joint try, ISRO took the lead on developing. The orbiter, rover, and the GSLV launch, while Roscosmos was responsible for the lander.

The Indian government granted its approval for the mission in 2008. The spacecraft’s design finalized in August 2009, following a collaborative review by scientists.

Despite ISRO’s timely completion of Chandrayaan-2’s payload. The mission faced postponement in January 2013, rescheduling it for 2016. This delay attributed to Russia’s inability to deliver the lander on schedule. Issues stemming from the unsuccessful Mars mission in 2012 led to technical concerns. That affected lunar projects, including the Chandrayaan-2 lander.

Proposed changes from Roscosmos resulted in a need for a heavier lander. Prompting ISRO to reduce its rover’s mass and assume some reliability risks.

As Russia couldn’t promise a lander by the revised 2015 timeframe due to technical. India decided to proceed with the lunar mission .

Given a new timeline for Chandrayaan-2 and an opportunity for a Mars mission in 2013. Unused components of the Chandrayaan-2 orbiter repurposed for the Mars Orbiter Mission.

Chandrayaan-3: Moon mission lifts off successfully

Chandrayaan-3 moon mission

The Chandrayaan-3 spacecraft, consisting of an orbiter, lander, and rover. Chandrayaan took off at 14:35 on Friday (09:05 GMT) from the Sriharikota space centre.

The lander scheduled to arrive on the Moon between August 23 and 24.

Should this mission succeed, India will become the fourth nation to landing on the Moon. Following the United States, the former Soviet Union, and China.

Many spectators saw the launch from the viewing gallery, with commentators describing. The rocket’s ascent as “majestic” and “soaring in the sky.” The crowd and scientists greeted the liftoff with cheers and applause.

Following the successful launch, Sreedhara Panicker Somanath. The Indian Space Research Organisation remarked, “Chandrayaan-3 has embarked on the Moon. Our launch vehicle has placed Chandrayaan in a precise orbit around the Earth.” ISRO tweeted that “the spacecraft is in good health.”

Prime Minister Narendra Modi lauded Chandrayaan-3’s is new chapter in India’s space saga.” He took to Twitter, stating, “It soars high, uplifting the aspirations of every Indian. This remarkable accomplishment reflects the unwavering commitment of our scientists. I commend their determination and creativity!”

As the third installment in India’s lunar exploration program. Chanandrayaan-3 expected to build upon the accomplishments of previous Moon missions.

Thirteen years after India’s inaugural Moon mission in 2008. The initial and most comprehensive search for water on the lunar surface. The presence of daytime lunar atmosphere,” according to Mylswamy Annadurai, Chandrayaan-1’s project director.

Chandrayaan-2, launched in July 2019, comprised an orbiter, lander, but was only successful. The orbiter continues to orbit and study the Moon. While the lander-rover failed to achieve a soft landing. Crashing during descent due to a “last-minute issue with the braking system..

Mr. Somanath stated that they analyzed the data from the prior crash to address the problems.

Weighing 3,900 kg and costing 6.1 billion rupees ($75 million; £58 million). Chandrayaan-3 shares the same objectives to achieve gentle landing on the Moon’s surface.

The way Chandrayaan-3 of India will journey to the Moon

moon mission
moon mission

The lander, named Vikram after Isro’s founder, weighs 1,500kg and houses the 26kg rover.

Following Friday’s launch, it will take around 15 to 20 days for the spacecraft to enter the Moon’s orbit. scientists will decrease the rocket’s velocity to position Vikram for a gentle landing.

If all progresses as intended, the six-wheeled rover will then deploy and explore. The Moon’s surface, traversing across rocks and craters to amass vital information. That will transmitted back to Earth for examination.

“The rover carries dedicated to studying the physical attributes of the lunar surface. The immediate surface atmosphere, and tectonic movements beneath. I’m optimistic that we’ll uncover novel findings,” Mr. Somanath conveyed to Mirror Now.

The Moon’s southern pole remains uncharted—its shadowed regions surpass. Those of the northern pole, implying potential water presence in shaded locales. In 2008, Chandrayaan-1 detected water near the southern pole, marking a significant discovery.

“We have heightened scientific curiosity about this region. Because the equatorial area, workable for landing, has already explored,” Mr. Somanath remarked.

“To meet groundbreaking scientific revelations, we must venture into new terrain. The south pole, although it entails greater landing challenges.”

Mr. Somanath further conveyed that lessons from Chandrayaan-2’s mishap were “collected and evaluated. Contributing to the rectification of all errors in the current mission.

“The orbiter from Chandrayaan-2 has furnished an enough imagery of desired landing site. This data has examined, granting us insights into the distribution of boulders. Thereby broadening our potential landing zone.”

As Mr. Annadurai explained, the landing must be “precise” to coincide. As both the lander and rover cause sunlight to recharge and operate.

The LVM3 launching vehicle and the Chandrayaan-3 spacecraft

moon view
moon view

According to Mr. Annadurai, the idea for the Moon mission originated in the early 2000s. As an appealing initiative to attract talent during India’s IT boom. A time when most technology graduates drawn to the software industry.

“The triumph of Chandrayaan-1 played a role in this try. India’s space program became a source of national prid for Isro.

But, Mr. Annadurai emphasizes that India’s space program has a broader aim. That encompasses science, technology, and the future of humanity.

India isn’t alone in its Moon aspirations. There’s a growing global interest, as the Moon is often seen as a stepping stone to exploring deep space.

India’s focus extends beyond lunar exploration. “If we intend to develop the Moon as a base, a portal to deep space. We must conduct further investigations to determine the kind of living environment. We can establish using local resources and how we’ll supply our people there.

“The ultimate goal for India’s missions is to envision a future where the Moon, despite. The vast distance of 360,000km, transforms into an extended landmass of Earth. Rather than being passive observers. We will lead an active, safeguarded existence on this landmass.

Achieving success with Chandrayaan-3 marks a significant stride toward realizing this ambitious aspiration.


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